Printing Glossary

Saddle Stitch

To bind by stapling sheets together where they fold at the spine, as compared to side stitch. Examples of some jobs that may utilize this type of binding are: booklets, catalogs, and calendars. We do not recommend this type of bindery method if you are doing more than 48-page books on 100 pound gloss text weight stock.

Safe Area

An area within the trim line to prevent text or type from being cut off. It is imperative that no text or essential parts of your artwork come within 1/8" of the trim line. Due to mechanical tolerance during the cutting process, any content within 1/8" of the trim line may be cut off. Please refer to templates provided by most printers. Safe area is typically denoted by a green line inside and parallel to the trim line.


A crease where a sheet of a paper will be folded. This is important to reduce cracking on the edge of the fold, and/or improve precision of the final fold. Scoring is especially recommended with thicker paper stocks.


In printing, on multi-page jobs, when the paper used as for the cover is the same as that used in the inside pages.


Complete and precise description of features of a printing job such as paper type, coating, quantity, printing, and binding type. Abbreviated "Specs". Specs essentially are what are found on printer’s job ticket. When you place a complete job order, the details are essentially your Specs.

Spot (Color or Varnish)

One ink or varnish applied to portions of a sheet, as compared to overall.


The paper or material to be printed on.


Any surface or material on which printing is done.